||Violent conflicts in states such as Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iraq, Sudan and the Balkans are at the centre of global politics.
Do these conflicts require other policy solutions than trying to defeat the supposed enemies, be they ‘freedom fighters’,
‘terrorists’ or state armies? The Broker invited two eminent researchers of contemporary civil war to share their views on
these issues. Ten years ago, Mary Kaldor wrote her ground-breaking book, New and Old Wars: Organised Violence in a Global
Era. The book challenged and shifted the views of many policy makers, but it also sparked discussions about the ‘newness’
of contemporary war. In her contribution to this special report, Kaldor argues that her ideas are still relevant and that
the book continues to influence thinking about issues of human security. Stathis Kalyvas has published widely on issues of
civil war. In his most recent book, The Logic of Violence in Civil War, he analyzes the causes and dynamics of civil conflict,
separating the concepts of war and violence. In his earlier work he questioned the idea that contemporary wars are ‘new’.
In his contribution to this report, Kalyvas examines the main trends in civil war research since the Cold War and distinguishes
different types of civil war.