||Rising urbanization, denser populations, diversifying economies, multiplying uses of water, global climate change, rising
competition for water, and rising water scarcity are all making water conflicts become increasingly pervasive, frequent and
intense. Courts often lack expertise in water disputes and they may be too slow and unreliable. Alternative Dispute Resolution
(ADR) is a less formal, less costly, and more participatory process for resolving disputes than is adjudication through formal
legal channels. It has the advantages of being flexible, voluntary, and under partial control of stakeholders. It tends to
push disputants into becoming partners in creating solutions. Adopting Alternative Dispute Resolution for water conflicts
may require the following initial steps: 1. assessment of the need for ADR in the water sector of a particular country; 2.
pilot adoption of ADR at basin or administrative level; 3. pilot adoption of ADR at canal or local level; and 4. preparation
of a long-term strategy.