Zoekopdracht: subjects: "Culture, Society and Religion"
|Titel||Traditional practices in Afghan marriage, responding to women's health needs|
|Instelling||KIT - Royal Tropical Institute|
|Afdeling||Development, Policy and Practice|
|Opleiding||Master in International Health (MIH)|
|Uitgever||KIT - Royal Tropical Institute [etc.]|
|Organisaties||KIT - Royal Tropical Institute, VU - Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam|
|Onderwerp||Culture, Society and Religion|
|Trefwoorden||culture, gender, reproductive health, human rights|
|Samenvatting||Traditional practices in marriage, such as early and forced marriage, bride price and baad or restorative justice, are common in Afghanistan. These traditional practices, as well as the concepts of polygamy, zina and boy preference, can be harmful to Afghan women's physical, mental and social wellbeing.|
The major study objective is to understand how traditional marriage practices influence Afghan women's health, the impact and magnitude, in particular how they lead to vulnerability for violence. As well, to describe women's health needs and map accordingly the Afghan health system response.
The literature research, led to limited country specific quantitative data, while the actual determinants to Afghan women's health were revealed by qualitative evidence. Young age marriage, leading to pregnancy shows an increased risk to maternal mortality, morbidity in sexual reproductive health and forced marriage may lead to violence at the home, women's self destructive behavior and even to honour killing. Some Afghan traditions root into inequity, inequality, and gender discrimination and determine women's life cycle, which leads into needs of sexual reproductive health.
The Right to Health (UDHR) is used as framework to identify progress, gaps and limitations in the health care system, in relation to women's health needs. The number of traditional marital practices is higher in rural regions, here the health services are often not available or accessible. Contraceptive use and skilled birth
attendance, can positively influence the maternal outcome at community level. Sensitive issues of sexual reproduction (as STD, HIV/Aids, unwanted pregnancy and gender based violence), require development of health policies and enables institutionalization of supportive health care services, as the counseling regarding
violence, VCT and shelters for protection. National health promotion, by active involvement of religious leaders allows a wider societal, behavioral change and supports new health strategies implementation, of family planning and mental health. Traditional marital practices, are in contradiction with the legal law and require the law re enforcement, accessibility to enable women's protection.
|Soort document||Master thesis|
|Rechten||© 2010 Dols|